Belgium: In Belgium, the ruling N-VA party, including its Secretary of State for Migration Theo Francken, opposed participation, while the other three ruling parties continued to support what led to a political stalemate.  All parties (N-VA, OpenVLD, CD-V and MR) have effectively agreed on the pact and Charles Michel announced Belgium`s positive position at the UN General Assembly on 27 September 2018.  Unfavourable election results for the N-VA and Austria`s position in the compact have changed the position of the N-VA. On 4th December Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel announced that the issue would be put to a vote in Parliament.  On 5 December, Parliament voted in favour of the agreement by 106 votes to 36.  Michel said he would support the pact on behalf of Parliament, not on behalf of the divided government.  As a result, the N-VA left the government; the other three parties remained for a week a minority government (Michel II) that led to the fall of the Belgian government on December 18, 2018.   The agreement does not distinguish between illegal and legal migrants, but it repeatedly distinguishes between regular and irregular migrants, reaffirms the right of states to distinguish between regular and irregular migration status and obliges signatories to “prevent irregular migration”.  The text does not distinguish between economic migrants and refugees.  The pact “protects the right of each state to define its own immigration policy, including in areas such as asylum, border controls and the return of illegal migrants,” said Lord Bates, Minister of State at the Ministry of International Development. Criticism has increased in Europe as the date of the signing of the agreement approaches. The pact reaffirms “the sovereign right of states to determine their national migration policy.” The European Commission says it will have no legal impact on national legal systems. More than 150 global companies are pushing world leaders to net zero recovery, supporters of the deal say it will promote cooperation and improve the treatment of millions of migrants, but critics fear it will further promote illegal immigration.